svrepdesign {survey}R Documentation

Specify survey design with replicate weights


Some recent large-scale surveys specify replication weights rather than the sampling design (partly for privacy reasons). This function specifies the data structure for such a survey.


svrepdesign(variables , repweights , weights, data,...)
## Default S3 method:
svrepdesign(variables = NULL, repweights = NULL, weights = NULL, data =
NULL, type = c("BRR", "Fay", "JK1","JKn","bootstrap","other"),
combined.weights=TRUE, rho = NULL, bootstrap.average=NULL,
scale=NULL, rscales=NULL,fpc=NULL, fpctype=c("fraction","correction"),...)
## S3 method for class 'imputationList':
svrepdesign(variables=NULL, repweights,weights,data,...)
## S3 method for class 'character':
svrepdesign(variables=NULL,repweights=NULL, weights=NULL,data=NULL,
type=c("BRR","Fay","JK1", "JKn","bootstrap","other"),combined.weights=TRUE, rho=NULL, 
bootstrap.average=NULL, scale=NULL,rscales=NULL,fpc=NULL,
fpctype=c("fraction","correction"), dbtype="SQLite", dbname,...) 

## S3 method for class '':
image(x, ..., col=grey(seq(.5,1,length=30)), type.=c("rep","total"))


variables formula or data frame specifying variables to include in the design (default is all)
repweights formula or data frame specifying replication weights, or character string specifying a regular expression that matches the names of the replication weight variables
weights sampling weights
data data frame to look up variables in formulas, or character string giving name of database table
type Type of replication weights
combined.weights TRUE if the repweights already include the sampling weights. This is usually the case.
rho Shrinkage factor for weights in Fay's method
bootstrap.average For type="bootstrap", if the bootstrap weights have been averaged, gives the number of iterations averaged over
scale, rscales Scaling constant for variance, see Details below
fpc,fpctype Finite population correction information
dbname name of database, passed to DBI::dbConnect()
dbtype Database driver: see Details
x survey design with replicate weights
... Other arguments to image
col Colors
type. "rep" for only the replicate weights, "total" for the replicate and sampling weights combined.


In the BRR method, the dataset is split into halves, and the difference between halves is used to estimate the variance. In Fay's method, rather than removing observations from half the sample they are given weight rho in one half-sample and 2-rho in the other. The ideal BRR analysis is restricted to a design where each stratum has two PSUs, however, it has been used in a much wider class of surveys.

The JK1 and JKn types are both jackknife estimators deleting one cluster at a time. JKn is designed for stratified and JK1 for unstratified designs.

Averaged bootstrap weights ("mean bootstrap") are used for some surveys from Statistics Canada. Yee et al (1999) describe their construction and use for one such survey.

The variance is computed as the sum of squared deviations of the replicates from their mean. This may be rescaled: scale is an overall multiplier and rscale is a vector of replicate-specific multipliers for the squared deviations. If the replication weights incorporate the sampling weights (combined.weights=TRUE) or for type="other" these must be specified, otherwise they can be guessed from the weights.

A finite population correction may be specified for type="other", type="JK1" and type="JKn". fpc must be a vector with one entry for each replicate. To specify sampling fractions use fpctype="fraction" and to specify the correction directly use fpctype="correction"

repweights may be a character string giving a regular expression for the replicate weight variables. For example, in the California Health Interview Survey public-use data, the sampling weights are "rakedw0" and the replicate weights are "rakedw1" to "rakedw80". The regular expression "rakedw[1-9]" matches the replicate weight variables (and not the sampling weight variable).

data may be a character string giving the name of a table or view in a relational database that can be accessed through the DBI or ODBC interfaces. For DBI interfaces dbtype should be the name of the database driver and dbname should be the name by which the driver identifies the specific database (eg file name for SQLite). For ODBC databases dbtype should be "ODBC" and dbname should be the registed DSN for the database. On the Windows GUI, dbname="" will produce a dialog box for interactive selection.

The appropriate database interface package must already be loaded (eg RSQLite for SQLite, RODBC for ODBC). The survey design object will contain the replicate weights, but actual variables will be loaded from the database only as needed. Use close to close the database connection and open to reopen the connection, eg, after loading a saved object.

The database interface does not attempt to modify the underlying database and so can be used with read-only permissions on the database.

To generate your own replicate weights either use as.svrepdesign on a object, or see brrweights, bootweights, jk1weights and jknweights

The model.frame method extracts the observed data.


Object of class, with methods for print, summary, weights, image.


To use replication-weight analyses on a survey specified by sampling design, use as.svrepdesign to convert it.


Levy and Lemeshow. "Sampling of Populations". Wiley.

Shao and Tu. "The Jackknife and Bootstrap." Springer.

Yee et al (1999). Bootstrat Variance Estimation for the National Population Health Survey. Proceedings of the ASA Survey Research Methodology Section.

See Also

as.svrepdesign, svydesign, brrweights, bootweights


# use BRR replicate weights from Levy and Lemeshow
repweights<-2*cbind(c(1,0,1,0,1,0), c(1,0,0,1,0,1), c(0,1,1,0,0,1),
scdrep<-svrepdesign(data=scd, type="BRR", repweights=repweights, combined.weights=FALSE)
svyratio(~alive, ~arrests, scdrep)

## Not run: 
## Needs RSQLite
db_rclus1<-svrepdesign(weights=~pw, repweights="wt[1-9]+", type="JK1", scale=(1-15/757)*14/15,
data="apiclus1rep",dbtype="SQLite", dbname=system.file("api.db",package="survey"))


## closing and re-opening a connection

## End(Not run)

[Package survey version 3.19-1 Index]